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Children’s Pain And Fever


A child’s normal body temperature ranges between 36.5 and 37.5oC. A fever is when the body temperature rises to above 38oC, and is usually a sign of an infection (such as a cold or flu). Fevers are very common in children.  The fever seen in common childhood infections is not harmful, in fact it helps the body's immune system fight off the infection, however your child may feel unwell for a few days.




Fever causes an increase in heart rate, breathing rate and blood circulation to the skin as this is how the body tries to reduce the heat that the fever is causing.


The signs of a fever include:

  • Sweating or clammy skin,
  • Flushed face,
  • Shivering,
  • Feeling hot to touch,
  • Chattering teeth,
  • Feeling unwell.




As a fever itself is not harmful it is not necessary to treat a fever, however your child may be uncomfortable or in pain, so treat your child by making them more comfortable by:

  • Dressing your child in enough clothing so they are not shivering,
  • Encouraging frequent small drinks of clear fluid (such as water or diluted juice),
  • Giving them a warm bath.


You may need to see a doctor if your child experiences:

  • Pain – especially headache, tummy or limb pain,
  • Difficulty swallowing,
  • Problems with breathing,
  • A rash,
  • Severe vomiting,
  • Neck stiffness
  • Sore eyes,
  • Drowsiness,
  • Irritability.


The content displayed on this webpage is intended for informational purposes and is a guide only. It does not replace or substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Information contained on this webpage must be discussed with an appropriate healthcare professional before making any decisions or taking any action based on the content of this webpage.



Better Health Channel


Medline Plus Medical Encyclopaedia


The Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne


The Sydney Children’s Hospitals Network