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Key Vitamins And Minerals For Toddlers

Key Vitamins And Minerals For Toddlers

 

Vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) are compounds in foods that are needed in small amounts for growth and development. Their functions in the body include helping to build strong bones and fighting infections. It is important to ensure that your toddler is getting all of the vitamins and minerals they require through a variety of foods, as they are at an important stage of growth and development.

 

 

Below are some of the key vitamins and minerals for toddlers:

 

Vitamin C:
Helps fight infections, build connective tissue, maintains healthy gums and increases iron absorption. Any fresh fruit or vegetable contains vitamin C; oranges, kiwi fruit and green leafy vegetables are particularly rich sources.

Amount: 75mg/day

 

Vitamin D:
Assists with calcium absorption for strong bones and teeth. Your body can make Vitamin D from 10-20 minutes of sunlight exposure. Oily fish, egg yolks, margarine and milk also contain small amounts of Vitamin D.

Amount: 5µg/day

 

Iron:
Required for carrying oxygen in the blood. The best sources are red meat, chicken and seafood. Vegetarian sources include legumes (such as baked beans or chick peas), eggs, iron-fortified breakfast cereals and bread. These are best eaten with foods containing Vitamin C for maximum absorption into the body.

Amount: 9mg/day

 

Zinc:
Essential for growth, wound healing, developing senses such as smell and fighting infections. Red meat, chicken, wholegrain cereals and legumes are good sources.

Amount: 3mg/day

 

Calcium:
Helps to build strong bones and teeth. Dairy products are the richest sources of calcium so ensure that your toddler is having plenty of milk, cheese and yoghurt. Alternatives include calcium-fortified soy, oat or almond milk.

Amount: 500mg/day

 

Iron and calcium deficiencies are common in toddlers. Iron deficiency can result in anaemia, which is characterised by fatigue and weakness. Other symptoms include poor immunity and memory. It is difficult to confirm calcium deficiency, as brittle bones and osteoporosis manifest later in life. The best way to ensure your child is getting enough is by eating a variety of foods containing these micronutrients daily. If you suspect your child is showing signs of deficiency, arrange for an appointment with your doctor or Accredited Practising Dietitian.

 

 

Disclaimer
The content displayed on this webpage is intended for informational purposes and is a guide only. It does not replace or substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Information contained on this webpage must be discussed with an appropriate healthcare professional before making any decisions or taking any action based on the content of this webpage.

 

Sources

Baby Centre
http://www.babycenter.com/0_10-nutrients-that-every-child-needs_1201019.bc

 

Raising Children Network
http://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/vitamins.html

 

Kids Spot – Family Health
http://www.kidspot.com.au/familyhealth/Nutrition-Nutritional-needs-The-
A-Z-of-essential-vitamins-and-minerals-for-kids+3999+222+article.htm

 

 

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