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Child Birth

Child Birth


Child birth is usually a painful experience for a woman to endure. Some women handle the pain better than others and it is difficult to know exactly how you will react, especially if it is your first pregnancy.


There are a number of options that are available depending on whether you want to avoid medications or not.      


Pain is caused by the changes that your body goes through in order to prepare for the delivery. It is experienced differently by everyone, however common signs include cramping in the abdomen, groin area and lower back, pressure on the bladder and bowels, and a heavy aching sensation. Contractions occur with a three to five minute gap and then get closer together further into labour. Less time between contractions means that there is less time to relax and prepare for the next wave.  


Non-medical options  

Some women prefer to avoid the use of pain relief medications during childbirth. Antenatal classes will provide you and your partner with helpful techniques that can be used to help reduce the pain such as:  

  • deep breathing techniques,  
  • listening to music,  
  • distractions such as games,  
  • a bath or shower,  
  • walking or pacing,  
  • massage,  
  • the use of heat packs,  
  • TENS (transcutaneous electrical stimulation), and  
  • alternative therapy such as hypnosis or aromatherapy.  


Medical options  

Medical options for pain management are designed to help lessen the pain of childbirth through blocking pain receptors. Some common procedures include:  •an epidural anaesthetic which causes a numbing sensation from the waist down,  •nitrous oxide gas which is used to relax the mother and calm any nerves, or  •pain relief medications.       It is best to consider each option carefully and discuss with your health care provider if you would prefer medical or non-medical pain management options. There are certain risks with the use of some medical options that your doctor will discuss with you before hand. Have a clear plan set out to help you prepare and manage your labour as best as possible, but remember that it is common for women change their mind at the last minute.  



The content displayed on this webpage is intended for informational purposes and is a guide only. It does not replace or substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.   Information contained on this webpage must be discussed with an appropriate healthcare professional before making any decisions or taking any action based on the content of this webpage.  




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